Consistent and profound innovations in computing make it difficult to overstate the incredible effects technology has on our lives. Artificial intelligence (AI), augmented reality (AR), virtual reality (VR), and the Internet of Things (IoT) are among some of the countless innovations that have revolutionized the way we interact with each other.
In the world of architectural design, the science and art of 3D rendering has given architectural visualization the kind of photorealistic detailing that would have cultural theorist Jean Baudrillard smirking wryly were he still alive. However, realistic architectural renderings require a lot of effort; you need to meticulously follow certain steps in order to get them as life-like as possible.
If you aren’t particularly sure what these steps are, we’ll walk you through them in this piece.
The process of creating a 3D rendered image is all but lost without visual references. They are integral no matter which pointof the creation process you’re at—the beginning when looking for inspiration, the middle when you’re slightly lost, or the end when you need to make minor edits and changes.
It is very useful when thinking about the scope of your rendering, to consider how architectural photographers envision and frame their photographs. How they use lighting, composition, and colors. Use the internet to uncover a treasure trove of beautiful architectural photography that you can gain inspiration and guidance from.
Good modeling is critical. Your rendering configuration may be flawless, but if your model isn’t of great quality, you will have a choppy rendering. A helpful way to go about this is to start the process at a macro level and work till you get at the micro level. What that means is to begin with global organizations (components, layers, blocks, and other larger elements) and then get to the smaller and finer details.
It’s crucial that you pay close attention to the blocks you choose because they are essential to capturing high-quality images. Pay attention to details such as texturing, geometry, and optimization. On the other hand, however, using too many high-quality blocks will weigh your model down.
Whether you’re rendering a space with natural lighting or artificial lighting, you need a good understanding of how to effectively balance light and darkness. One of the best ways to do this is to study how lighting works in real spaces. Study how shadows are cast and the quality of the shadows depending on the lighting system. How lighting angles work. Think about what time it is. What kind of weather you’re incorporating in your image.
A 3D rendered image that is unrefined, blurry, or pixelated isn’t exactly what one would consider a photorealistic architectural visualization. When working on your projects, make sure to use high-definition textures and seamless textures to avoid visible and unappealing repetitions.
Think about photography. What the photographer decides to show—consciously or not—really comes down to one crucial aspect: framing. Every photographer—architectural and otherwise—has their unique style, and its important that you also lean into your sense of style when it comes to 3D rendering. Think about which angles to use, what the composition of your image will be like, and what exactly you’re going to show.
Add Finishing Touches
Once you’re happy with getting all the aforementioned steps down, go over your image thoroughly to address any possible errors that need correcting or any details that could be improved.
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